[ILDIS] International Legume Database & Information Service


Report generated by LegumeWeb from the ILDIS World Database of Legumes, version 10.01

Medicago arabica

Accepted name

Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13


Medicago cordata Desr.14
Medicago maculata Willd.1
Medicago maculata Sibth.2
Medicago polymorpha L. var. arabica L.1, 8, 11


Tribe: Trifolieae;  Genus: Medicago

Vernacular names

Arabischer Schneckenklee15; Arabischer Schneckenklee16; Arabischer Schneckenklee17; Arabischer Schneckenklee8; Arabischer Schneckenklee18; Burclover19; Luzerne d'Arabie (Fr)20; Luzerne Tach‚e17; Lyutzerna Araviiskaya (Rus)10; Spotted Bur Medick6; Spotted Bur Medick21; Spotted Burclover22; Spotted Medick23; Spotted Medick24; Spotted Medick25; Spotted Medick15; Spotted Medick26


Annual non-climbing herb;  not threatened


Environmental23; Forage23; Forage27; Forage5; Forage8; Forage10

Geographical records

Africa:   Algeria(N)1, Egypt(N)1, Libya(N)1, Morocco(N)1, South Africa(I)28, Tunisia(N)1

Asia8, 9, 29, 30, 31:   Azerbaijan(N)8, China(I)9, 29, Gruzia(N)8, Iran(U)30, Russia in Asia(N)8

Australasia32, 33:   Australia(I)32, 33, Tasmania(I)32

Australia:   Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

Azerbaijan:   Azerbaijan*7, 34

Europe1, 2, 8, 15, 16, 17, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40:   Albania(N)1, 2, Balearic Is(N)1, 2, Belgium(N)2, 17, 40, Bulgaria(N)1, 2, 38, Corsica(N)1, 2, Crete(N)1, 37, Czech Republic & Slovakia(I)2, Estonia(N)13, former Yugoslavia(N)1, 2, France(N)1, 2, Germany(N)2, Great Britain(N)2, 15, Greece(N)1, 2, Hungary(N)2, Ireland(I)2, Italy(N)1, 2, 35, Luxembourg(N)17, 40, Malta(N)1, 39, Netherlands(N)2, Portugal(N)1, 2, Romania(N)2, Sardinia(N)1, 2, Sicily(N)1, Spain(N)1, 2, 36, Sweden(I)2, Switzerland(I)2, 16, Turkey in Europe(N)1, Ukraine(N)8

Gruzia:   Abkhazia7, 8, 41, Adzharia7, 8, Gruzia*7

Middle East1, 23:   Cyprus(N)1, East Aegean Is (Greek)(N)1, Israel(N)23, Lebanon(N)23, Syria(N)23, Turkey in Asia(N)1

North America42:   United States(I)42, 43

Pacific Ocean6:   Chatham Is(I)6, Kermadec Is(I)6, New Zealand (North)(I)6, New Zealand (South)(I)6

Russia in Asia:   Dagestan8, 44, 45, Krasnodar7, 8

South America:   Chile(I)46

Ukraine:   Krym8, 13

United States:   California42, Florida42, Georgia42, North Carolina42, Oklahoma42, Oregon42, South Carolina42, Texas42

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Mediterranean grasslands47

Literature citations

Description2, 6, 9, 10, 14, 16, 21, 23, 24, 36, 47, 48, 49, 50;  Distribution7, 51;  Illustration5, 21, 23, 24, 26, 38, 50, 52, 53


2005 (CIS) Roskov Yu;     Coordinator: 2005-06 Roskov YR


1:Greuter, W. et al. (Eds.) (1989) Med-Checklist Vol. 4 (published)
2:Heywood, V.H. & Ball, P.W. (1968) Leguminosae. In: Flora Europaea Vol. 2. ed. Tutin, T.G. et al.
3:Hudson, W. (1762) Fl. Angl.
4:Czerepanov, S.K. (1981) Plantae Vasculares, URSS. Leningrad.
5:Small, E. & Jomphe, M. (1989) A Synopsis of the genus Medicago. Can. J. Bot 67: 3260-3294
6:Webb, C.J. et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand Vol IV
7:Grossheim, A.A. (1952) Flora Kavkaza, Vol. 5. Moscow, Leningrad. (Rus)
8:Yakovlev G, Sytin A & Roskov Y (1996) Legumes of Northern Eurasia. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
9:Wei, Z. & Huang, Y.Z. (1998) Galega & ... In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 42 (2) (Leguminosae 5)
10:Grossheim, A.A. (1941) In: Flora URSS Vol. 11. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
11:Czerepanov, S.K. (1973) "Additamenta et corrigenda ad ""Floram URSS"". Leningrad. "
12:Tutin, T.G. (1968) In: Flora Europaea, Vol. 2. Cambridge.
13:Vassilczenko, I.T. (1987) In: Flora Partis Europaeae URSS, Vol. 6. Leningrad. (Rus)
14:Heyn, C.C. (1963) Scripta Hierosolymitana (Publ. Hebrew Univ. Jersul.) 12. Ann....
15:Stace, C. (1991) New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge Univ. Press
16:Hess, H.E. et al. (0) Flora Der Schweiz, Band 2. Birkhauser.
17:Langhe, J.-E. de et al. (1983) Nouvelle Flore.. Belgique, .. Luxembourg, .. Nord de la France...
18:Rothmaler W. & al. (1988) Exkursionsflora fur die Gebiete der DDR und der BRD. Bd. 2.
19:Hickman, J.C. (ed.) (1993) The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. 1400pp.
20:Paris F. & al. (1976) Guide des fleurs sauvages. Neuchatel, Paris. (Fr)
21:Horn, P.E. & Hill, G.D. (1987) What Legume is That?
22:Terrell, E.E. (1977) Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
23:Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (1974) Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.
24:Jessop, J. & Toelken, H.R. (Eds.) (1986) Flora of South Australia, Part 2.
25:Moussavi, M. (1977) Min. of Agric. & Rural Develop. Dept. of Bot. Pub. No. 12.
26:Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989) The Illustrated Flora of Britain & Northern Europe
27:Hacker, J.B. (1990) A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland.
28:Stirton, C.H. (1982) Bothalia 14: 27-35. The genus Medicago in southern Africa
29:Chen, Te-chao & Wu, Te-lin (1986) Typed Script (MO) 130pp Enumeration Chinese Papilionoideae
30:Parsa, A. (1948) Flore de l'Iran. Vol. 2. Teheran: Imprimerie Mazaheri.
31:Komarov, V.L. (1945) Flora of the U.S.S.R. Vol XI (Engl. Translation 1972)
32:Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990) Census Australian Vasc. Plants, Bureau Fl. & Fauna, Canberra
33:Burbidge, N.T. & Gray, M. (1970) Flora of the Australian Capital Territory.
34:Gadzhiev, V.D. & Musaev, S.G. (1994) Information from BAK Herbarium (Baku, Azerbaijan).
35:Pignatti, S. (1982) Flora Italica. Edagicole, Bologna.
36:Dominguez, E. (1987) Pap. in Flora Vasc. de Andalucia Occ. Ketres, Barcelona
37:Turland, N.J. et al. (1993) Flora of the Cretan area
38:Jordanov, D. (ed.) (1976) Flora Reipublicae Popularis Bulgaricae Vol. 6.
39:Haslam, S.M. et al. (1977) A Flora of the Maltese Islands
40:Rompaey, E. van & Delvosalle, L. (0) Atlas de la flore Belge et Luxembourgeoise, ed. 2
41:Kolakovsky, A.A. & Adzinba Z. I (1995) Information from SUCH Herbarium (Sukhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia)
42:Isely, D. (1998) Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
43:Turner, B.L. (1959) Univ. of Texas Press, Austin. 284 pp The Legumes of Texas
44:Galkin, M.A. (1994) Special checking of North Caucasian Legumes for ILDIS.
45:Magulaev, A. Yu. (1994) Information from Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute Herb.
46:Marticorena, C. & Quezada, M. (1985) Gayana, Bot. 42: 1-157 Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile
47:Quezel, P. & Santa, S. (1962) Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie et des regions desertiq. merid. 1
48:Jafri, S.M.N. (1980) Fabaceae. In: Flora of Libya, Pt. 86. Jaffri & El Gadi
49:Correll, D.S. & Johnston, M.C. (1970) Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas. Texas Res. Found., Renner 1881pp.
50:Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1991) Flora of New South Wales, Vol 2. Kensington: New South Wales
51:Latschaschvili, I. Ya. (1967) Lyutserny Kavkaza [Medics of Caucasus]. Tbilisi. (Georg)
52:Ross-Craig, S. (1954) Drawings of British Plants Part VII. Reprinted 1979, Vol 3.
53:Lachashvili, I. Ya. (1981) In: Flora Georgiae. 2nd ed. Vol. 7. Tbilisi. (Georg)

The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Medicago arabica . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.


TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

Flora Europaea database at RBG Edinburgh

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Herbarium records

RNG (Morocco): The University of Reading Herbarium, Moroccan collections


database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan

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