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Report generated by LegumeWeb from the ILDIS World Database of Legumes, version 10.01

Acacia senegal

Accepted name

Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.1, 2, 3, 4, 5


Acacia circummarginata Chiov.1
Acacia cufodontii Chiov.1
Acacia glaucophylla sensu Brenan1, 6
Acacia kinionge sensu Brenan1, 6
Acacia oxyosprion Chiov.1
Acacia rupestris Boiss.2
Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. subsp. modesta (Wall.)Roberty1
Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. subsp. senegalensis Roberty1
Acacia somalensis sensu Brenan1, 6
Acacia sp.1 F. White1
Acacia spinosa Marloth & Engl.1
Acacia thomasii sensu Brenan1, 6
Acacia volkii Suess.1
Mimosa senegal L.2, 5


Tribe: Acacieae;  Genus: Acacia

Vernacular names

Gum Arabic7; Kher8; Senegal Gum8


Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened


Chemical products7; Food and Drink7; Medicine7; Chemical products9; Chemical products10; Domestic11; Fibre11; Fibre9; Food and Drink11; Food and Drink12; Food and Drink9; Food and Drink13; Forage11; Forage9; Medicine11; Medicine9; Wood11; Wood3; Wood9; Wood10


For ecology in Pakistan, see Cheema & Qadir, Vegetatio 27: 131-162 (1973).; Most important commercial source of best quality gum arabic12

Geographical records

Africa:   Angola-ISO(N)1, Botswana(N)1, Cameroon(N)14, Chad(N)15, Ethiopia(N)1, Ivory Coast(N)16, Kenya(N)1, Mali(N)16, Mauritania(N)16, Mozambique(N)1, Namibia-ISO(N)1, Niger(N)16, Nigeria(N)1, Rwanda(N)14, Senegal(N)1, Somalia(N)1, South Africa(N)1, Sudan(N)14, Swaziland(N)1, Tanzania(N)1, The Gambia(N)16, Uganda(N)1, Zaire(N)14, Zambia(N)1, Zimbabwe(N)1

Asia2, 3, 4, 5, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21:   China(I)17, India(N)2, 4, 19, 20, 21, India-ISO(N)2, 16, Pakistan(N)3, Taiwan(I)5, 18

Caribbean22:   Haiti(I)22

India:   Delhi19, Gujarat4, Haryana4, Madhaya Pradesh20, Punjab21, Rajasthan4, Uttar Pradesh2

Middle East23:   Oman(N)23

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Zambezian woodland24; Zambezian wooded grassland24; Sudanian woodland25; Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket25; Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket25; Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket25; Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and thicket25; Sahel regional transition zone; bushland and thicket25; Sahel regional transition zone - wooded grassland25

Literature citations

Description1, 3, 4, 5, 24, 26;  Distribution27, 28;  Illustration1, 3, 5, 16, 26, 29


2004-11 (S Asia) Kumar S & Sane P;     Coordinator: 1994 Rico ML


1:Ross, J.H. (1979) Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Afr. 44: 1-150. A conspectus of African Acacia.
2:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
3:Ali, S.I. (1973) Flora of Pakistan, No. 36. Mimosaceae. Karachi: Univ. of Karachi
4:Chakrabarty T, Gangopadhyay M (1996) The genus Acacia. J. Econ. Taxon Bot. 20: 599-633
5:Wu, T.L. (1988) Mimososoideae. In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
6:Brenan, J.P.M. & Greenway, P.J. (1949) Check-list.. Brit. Emp. 5. Tanganyika Territory. Imp. For. Inst. Ox.
7:Dalziel, J.M. (1937) The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
8:Terrell, E.E. (1977) Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
9:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
10:Parker, R.N. (1918) Forest Flora for the Punjab with Hazara and Delhi
11:Miller, A. G & Morris, M. (1988) Plants of Dhofar. Oman: Office of the Adviser for Conser....
12:Anderson, D.M.W. (1978) Kew Bulletin 32: 529-536. Chemotax. aspects of the chem....
13:Jain, S.K. (1991) Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
14:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
15:Lebrun, J.-P. et al (1972) IEMVPT Et. Bot. 1, Catalogue des Plant. Vasc. du Tchad Meridional
16:Keay, R.W.J. (1958) Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2; Vol. 1, part 2
17:Chen, Y. (1957) Illustrated Manual of Chinese Trees and Shrubs.
18:Chen, T.C. (1988) Flora Reipubl. Popular Sin. Vol. 39. Science Press. Beijing
19:Maheshwari, J.K. (1963) The Flora of Delhi
20:Singh, A.N. (1993) In: Verma, D.M. & al. (Eds.) Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol. 1.
21:Sharma, M. (1990) Punjab Plants Check-list
22:Liogier, A.H. (1985) La Flore de la Espanola. III
23:Lock, J.M. & Simpson, K. (1991) Legumes of West Asia: A Checklist. RBG, Kew.
24:Brenan, J.P.M. (1959) Mimosoideae. In: Fl. Trop. East Africa. Hubbard & Milne-Redhead
25:White, F. (1983) The Vegetation of Africa
26:Rechinger, K.H. (1986) Flora Iranica. 161: Mimosaceae.
27:Wickens, G.E. (1976) Kew Bull. Addnl. ser. 5. The flora of Jebel Marra (Sudan)...
28:Ross, J.H. (1975) Bothalia 11: 453-462. The Acacia senegal complex
29:Engler, A. (1912) Die Vegetation der Erde: IX: Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3. 1

The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Acacia senegal . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.


TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)


database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan

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