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Acacia nilotica


Accepted name

Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Synonyms

Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd.2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9
Acacia scorpioides W. Wight9
Mimosa arabica Lam.1, 3, 7, 8, 10
Mimosa nilotica L.2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Mimosa scorpioides L.9

Taxonomy

Tribe: Acacieae;  Genus: Acacia

Vernacular names

Acacia de Cayenne3; Babul11; Babul12; Black Piquant3; Casha3; Cassie3; Cassie a Piquants Blancs4; Fantsikasia (Madagascar)6; Goma Ar bica10; Gum Arabic Tree10; Gum Arabic Tree13; Karuvel (Tamil)14; Piquant Lulu15

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened

Uses

Chemical products16; Medicine16; Wood16; Chemical products17; Domestic18; Domestic17; Domestic6; Environmental19; Forage19; Forage20; Forage17; Medicine18; Medicine17; Wood18; Wood17

Notes

Specimens from Madagascar are subsp. subalata (Vatke) Brenan.6


Geographical records

Africa:   Algeria(N)1, Angola-ISO(N)1, Botswana(N)1, Egypt(N)1, Ethiopia(N)1, Ghana(N)1, Guinea Bissau(N)1, Kenya(N)1, Libya(N)1, Malawi(N)1, Mali(N)1, Mozambique(N)1, Niger(N)21, Nigeria(N)1, Senegal(N)1, Somalia(N)1, South Africa(N)1, Sudan(N)1, Tanzania(N)1, The Gambia(N)1, Togo(N)1, Uganda(N)1, Zambia(N)1, Zimbabwe(N)1

Asia5, 7, 12, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44:   Bangladesh(N)36, China(I)7, 25, Hainan(I)7, India(N)5, 22, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, India-ISO(N)1, Iran(N)23, Iraq(N)23, Nepal(N)32, Pakistan(N)5, Sri Lanka(I)12

Australasia45:   Australia(I)45

Australia:   Northern Territory45, Queensland45

Caribbean3, 8, 10, 13:   Antigua-Barbuda(I)3, Bahamas(I)13, Barbados(I)3, Cuba(I)8, Grenada(I)3, Guadeloupe(I)3, Martinique(I)3, Montserrat(I)3, Puerto Rico(I)10, St Lucia(I)3, St Martin-St Barthelemy(I)3

China:   Yunnan7

India:   Andhra Pradesh37, Bihar33, Dadra-Nagar-Haveli29, Delhi34, Gujarat42, Himachal Pradesh30, Jammu-Kashmir40, Karnataka26, Kerala44, Madhaya Pradesh35, Maharashtra31, Nagaland43, Orissa41, Punjab22, Rajasthan31, Tamil Nadu27, Tripura28, Uttar Pradesh38, West Bengal39

Indian Ocean4, 6, 46:   Madagascar(I)6, Mauritius(I)4, 46, Rodrigues(I)4

Middle East23:   Israel(N)23, Oman(N)23, Syria(N)23, Yemen(N)23

North America2, 47:   United States(I)2, 47

South America9:   Galapagos(I)9

United States:   California2, 47, Florida47

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Zambezian woodland1; Sudanian woodland1

Literature citations

Description1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, 19;  Illustration1, 6, 19

Sources

2005-04 SeneviratneGI (Sinhala & Tamil vern. names);     Coordinator: 1994 Rico ML

References

1:Ross, J.H. (1979) Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Afr. 44: 1-150. A conspectus of African Acacia.
2:Isely, D. (1973) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25 (1): 1-152 Legum. of the U.S.: I.
3:Howard, R.A. et al. (1988) Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
4:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
5:Ali, S.I. (1973) Flora of Pakistan, No. 36. Mimosaceae. Karachi: Univ. of Karachi
6:Du Puy, D.J. et al. (2002) The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
7:Wu, T.L. (1988) Mimososoideae. In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
8:Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951) Flora de Cuba 2: 224-367 Leguminosas
9:Wiggins, I.L. & Porter, D.M. (1971) Flora of Galapagos Islands Leguminosae
10:Liogier, A.H. (1988) Desc. Flora Puerto Rico & Adjacent Is-Spermatophyta Vol. II
11:Terrell, E.E. (1977) Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
12:Kostermans, A.J.G.H. (1980) Mimosaceae. In Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 1. M.D. Dassanayalu....
13:Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982) Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. 1692pp J. Cramer
14:Senaratna, L.K. (2001) A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
15:Strahm, W. (1989) Plant Red Data Book for Rodrigues
16:Dalziel, J.M. (1937) The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
17:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
18:Miller, A. G & Morris, M. (1988) Plants of Dhofar. Oman: Office of the Adviser for Conser....
19:Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (1974) Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.
20:Anderson, D.M.W. (1978) Kew Bulletin 32: 529-536. Chemotax. aspects of the chem....
21:Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun (1976) IEMVPT Etude Botanique No. 3. Catalogue des plantes.. du Niger
22:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
23:Lock, J.M. & Simpson, K. (1991) Legumes of West Asia: A Checklist. RBG, Kew.
24:Bacher, C.A. et al. (1963) Flora of Java 1: 637
25:Chen, T.C. (1988) Flora Reipubl. Popular Sin. Vol. 39. Science Press. Beijing
26:Singh, N.P. (1988) Flora of Eastern Karnataka Vol. 1
27:Nair, N.C. & Henry, A.N. (1983) Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Vol. 1
28:Deb, D.B. (1981) The Flora of Tripura State Vol 1
29:Rao, R.S. (1985) Flora of Goa, Diu, Daman, Dadra & Nagarhaveli Vol 1
30:Chowdhery, H.J. & Wadhwa, B.M. (1984) Flora of Himachal Pradesh Vol. 1
31:Chakrabarty T, Gangopadhyay M (1996) The genus Acacia. J. Econ. Taxon Bot. 20: 599-633
32:Shrestha, K.K. (1998) Revised checklist of the Legumes of Nepal (manuscript)
33:Varma, S.K. (1981) Flora of Bhagalpur. Dicotyledons
34:Maheshwari, J.K. (1963) The Flora of Delhi
35:Singh, A.N. (1993) In: Verma, D.M. & al. (Eds.) Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol. 1.
36:Khatun, R.B. (1987) Tree Legumes of Bangladesh
37:Pullaiah, T. & Yesoda, N. (1989) Flora of Anantapur District (Andhra Pradesh, India)
38:Sharma, A.K. & Dhakre, J.S. (1995) Flora of Agra District. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
39:Bennet, S.S.R. (1979) Flora of Howrah District, Int. Book Distributors, New Delhi
40:Sharma, B.M. & Kachroo, P. (1979) Flora of Jammu & Plants of Neibourhood, Vol. 1.
41:Haines, H.H. (1922) The Botany of Bihar & Orissa, Part 3. London.
42:Bole, P.V. et al. (1962) Flora of Saurashtra, Part 1. Calcutta.
43:Clarke, C.B. (1889) J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 25: 1-107. On the plants of Kohima...
44:Vajravelu, E. (1990) Flora of Palghat Distr. including Silent Valley Nat. Park.
45:Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990) Census Australian Vasc. Plants, Bureau Fl. & Fauna, Canberra
46:Bojer, W. (1837) Hortus Mauritianus ou Enumeration des Plants... l'ile Maurice
47:Isely, D. (1998) Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Acacia nilotica . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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