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Acacia melanoxylon


Accepted name

Acacia melanoxylon R. Br.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

Synonyms

Acacia arcuata Spreng.12
Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. var. arcuata (Spreng.)Ser.12
Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. var. obtusifolia Ser.12
Acacia melanoxylum R. Br.12
Mimosa melanoxylon (R. Br.) Poir.15
Racosperma melanoxylon (R. Br.) C. Mart.16
Racosperma melanoxylon (R. Br.) Pedley12

Taxonomy

Tribe: Acacieae;  Genus: Acacia

Vernacular names

Akatziya Chornodrevesnaya (Rus13; Aroma Salvaje17; Australian Blackwood7; Australian Blackwood18; Australian Blackwood19; Black Wattle11; Blackwood (Au)1; Blackwood (Au)6; Blackwood (Au)12; Blackwood Acacia20; Hickory (Au)12; Mudgerabah (Au)12; Sally Wattle (Au)12; Tasmanian Blackwood21

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened

Uses

Wood1; Domestic22; Domestic13; Environmental21; Environmental19; Environmental12; Environmental13; Weed12; Wood19; Wood22; Wood11; Wood12

Notes

Cultivated on Mauritius and Reunion.6; Rarely in parks of Transcaucasia23


Geographical records

Africa:   Ethiopia(I)24, Kenya(I)25, Lesotho(I)1, South Africa(I)1, Swaziland(I)1, Tanzania(I)25

Asia5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 26, 27:   Bhutan(I)8, Gruzia(I), India(I)5, 8, 11, 26, Nepal(I)27, Pakistan(I)9, Sri Lanka(I)7

Australasia6, 12, 28, 29, 30:   Australia(N)1, 6, 12, 28, Tasmania(N)12, 28, 29, 30

Australia:   Australian Capital Territory12, New South Wales12, 28, Queensland12, South Australia12, 28, Victoria12, 28, Western Australia12, 28

Europe:   Azores(I)3, Belgium-F.E.(I)3, France-F.E.(I)3, Italy-F.E.(I)3, Moldova(I)31, Portugal(I)3, Spain-F.E.(I)3

Gruzia:   Abkhazia14, 32, Adzharia14

India:   Kerala11, Manipur11, Meghalaya11, Sikkim8, Tamil Nadu11, West Bengal26

Indian Ocean6:   Mauritius(I)6, Reunion(I)6

North America17, 33:   United States(I)17, 33

Pacific Ocean21:   New Zealand (North)(I)21, New Zealand (South)(I)21

South America20, 34, 35:   Argentina(I)20, 36, Bolivia(I)35, Chile(I)37, Colombia(I)38, Peru(I)34, 35, Uruguay(I)36, Venezuela(I)35

United States:   California17, 33, Florida17, 33

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Cultivated1

Literature citations

Description1, 8, 11, 12, 13, 21, 39, 40, 41, 42;  Distribution12;  Illustration12, 14, 19, 39, 40, 41, 43

Sources

2005 (Indian Ocean) Lock JM & Ireland H (JS2005);     Coordinator: 1994 Rico ML

References

1:Ross, J.H. (1975) Mimosoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa Vol. 16, pt. 1. Ross, J.H.
2:Brown, R. (1813) Hort. Kew. ed. 2, Vol. 5
3:Heywood, V.H. & Ball, P.W. (1968) Leguminosae. In: Flora Europaea Vol. 2. ed. Tutin, T.G. et al.
4:Czerepanov, S.K. (1981) Plantae Vasculares, URSS. Leningrad.
5:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
6:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
7:Kostermans, A.J.G.H. (1980) Mimosaceae. In Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 1. M.D. Dassanayalu....
8:Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987) Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 1. (Part 3). Edinburgh: RBG
9:Ali, S.I. (1973) Flora of Pakistan, No. 36. Mimosaceae. Karachi: Univ. of Karachi
10:Grossheim, A.A. (1952) Flora Kavkaza, Vol. 5. Moscow, Leningrad. (Rus)
11:Chakrabarty T, Gangopadhyay M (1996) The genus Acacia. J. Econ. Taxon Bot. 20: 599-633
12:Orchard, AE & Wilson, AJG, Eds. (2001) Flora of Australia, Vol. 11B. Mimosaceae, Acacia part 2.
13:Palibin, I.V. (1941) In: Flora URSS, Vol. 11. Mosqua, Leningrad. (Rus)
14:Saakov, S.G. (1958) In: Dereviya i kustarniki SSSR, Vol. 4. Moscow, Leningrad. (Rus)
15:Zuijderhoudt, G.F.P. (1968) Blumea 15: 413-425. A revision of the genus Saraca
16:Pedley, L. (1987) Austrobaileya 2: 344-57. Racosperma in Queensland: a checklist
17:Isely, D. (1973) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25 (1): 1-152 Legum. of the U.S.: I.
18:Stace, C. (1991) New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge Univ. Press
19:Sheppard, J. (1985) New Zealand Acacia/Albizia survey. Publ. No. 9 Soil Cons. Centre
20:Burkart, A. (1952) Acme Agency, Buenos Aires 569 pp Las Leguminosas Argentinas
21:Webb, C.J. et al. (1988) Flora of New Zealand Vol IV
22:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
23:Roskov, Yu. R. (1992) Information from LE Herbarium (St. Petersburg, Russia).
24:Thulin, M. (1983) Opera Botanica 68: 1-223. Leguminosae of Ethiopia
25:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
26:Sanjappa, M. (2000) Checklist of the Leguminosae in South Asia. Typescript
27:Shrestha, K.K. (1998) Revised checklist of the Legumes of Nepal (manuscript)
28:Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990) Census Australian Vasc. Plants, Bureau Fl. & Fauna, Canberra
29:Willis, J.H. (1991) In Banks, M.R. et al. (Eds.) Aspects of Tasmanian Botany: 173-178
30:Harris, S. & Kirkpatrick, J.B. (1991) In Banks, M.R. et al. (Eds.) Aspects of Tasmanian Botany: 179-189
31:Nikolaev, V. Ya. (1994) Information from CHIS Herbarium (Kishinev, Moldavia).
32:Kolakovsky, A.A. & Adzinba Z. I (1995) Information from SUCH Herbarium (Sukhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia)
33:Isely, D. (1998) Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
34:Zarucchi, J.L. (1993) Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 44-527. Cata. Fl. Pl. Gym
35:Zarucchi, J.L. (1993) Specimen in MO herbarium
36:Boeclke, O. (1946) Darwiniana 7 (2): 240-321 Est. Morfologico Semillas Mim. y Cae
37:Marticorena, C. & Quezada, M. (1985) Gayana, Bot. 42: 1-157 Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile
38:Garcia-Barriga, H. & Forero, E. (1968) Catalogo Ilustrado de Las Plantas de Cundinamarca 3: 1-136
39:Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1991) Flora of New South Wales, Vol 2. Kensington: New South Wales
40:Jessop, J. & Toelken, H.R. (Eds.) (1986) Flora of South Australia, Part 2.
41:Elliot, W.R. & Jones, D.L. (1980) Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants, Vols. 1-5. (1980-1990)
42:Bailey, L.H. & Bailey, E.Z. (1976) Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan
43:Matthew, K.M. (1996) Illustrations on the Flora of the Plain Hills, South India.


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Acacia melanoxylon . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

Flora Europaea database at RBG Edinburgh

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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