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Erythrina crista-galli


Accepted name

Erythrina crista-galli L.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Synonyms

Corallodendron crista-galli (L.) Kuntze3
Erythrina crista-galli L. var. hasskarlii Backer3
Erythrina crista-galli L. var. leucochlora Lombardo3, 8
Erythrina fasciculata Benth.3
Erythrina laurifolia Jacq.3, 9
Erythrina pulcherrima Tod.3
Erythrina speciosa Tod.3
Micropteryx crista-galli Walp.3
Micropteryx fasciculata Walp.3
Micropteryx laurifolia Walp.3

Taxonomy

Tribe: Phaseoleae;  Genus: Erythrina

Vernacular names

Cockspur Coral Tree10; Cockspur Coral Tree11; Cockspur Coral Tree12; Cockspur Coral Tree13; Coral14; Coral Tree15; Seibo3

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened

Uses

Chemical products11; Environmental16; Environmental17; Environmental18; Environmental11; Medicine19; Miscellaneous19; Wood19; Environmental1; Environmental2

Notes

Widely cultivated as an ornamental.; Native to South America.20; Native of South America widely cultivated in the tropics.2; National flower of Argentina.3


Geographical records

Africa:   Egypt(I)21, Ethiopia(I)22, Kenya(I)1, Mozambique(I)21, Rwanda(I)23, South Africa(I)21, Sudan(I)21, Tanzania(I)1, Uganda(I)24, Zimbabwe(I)21

Asia2, 4, 6, 7, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31:   China(I)7, 25, India(I)28, 30, India-ISO(I)4, Indonesia-ISO(I)31, Japan(I)27, Java(N)31, Nepal(I)29, Ryukyu Is(I)6, Taiwan(I)7, 26

Australasia2, 10:   Australia(I)10, Papua New Guinea(I)2

Caribbean14, 32, 33:   Caribbean-TRP(U)9, 32, Dominican Republic(I)14, Guadeloupe(I)33, Martinique(I)33, Puerto Rico(U)32, St Vincent(I)33

Central America34, 35, 36:   Belize(U)37, Costa Rica(U)38, El Salvador(I)35, Guatemala(U)39, Mexico (North & Central)(U)34, Nicaragua(I)36, Panama(U)40, 41, 42

China:   Yunnan7

India:   Punjab30, Tamil Nadu28

Indian Ocean5, 20:   Mauritius(I)20, Reunion(I)20, Seychelles(I)5

North America15:   United States(I)15

Pacific Ocean16, 18, 43:   Fiji(U)16, New Zealand (North)(I)43, Society Is(I)18

South America2, 20:   Argentina(N)3, 8, 34, 39, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, Bolivia(N)3, 34, 39, Brazil(N)3, 8, 38, 39, 41, 42, 45, 47, 51, 52, 53, 54, Paraguay(N)3, 34, 39, 45, 46, Peru(U)55, Uruguay(N)3, 8, 39

United States:   California15, Florida15, Texas15

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Cultivated1

Literature citations

Description2, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 22, 26, 31, 33, 36, 56;  Illustration3, 10, 13, 26, 27, 57

Sources

2005 (Indian Ocean) Lock JM & Ireland H (JS2005);     Coordinator: 2005-07 (Americas update) Sokolova IV

References

1:Gillett, J.B. et al. (1971) Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop.E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
2:Verdcourt, B. (1979) A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
3:Krukoff, B.A. & Barneby, R.C. (1974) Lloydia 37 (3): 332-459 Conspectus... of the genus Erythrina
4:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
5:Robertson, S.A. (1989) Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
6:Walker, E.H. (1976) Flora of Okinawa and S. Ryukyu islands. Washing. Smithson. Inst
7:Lee, S.K. & Chang, B.N. (1995) Erythrina & ... In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 41 (Leguminosae 3)
8:Krukoff, B.A. & Barneby, R.C. (1972) Phytologia 25 (1): 1-31 Notes on the Speciesof Erythrina. VI.
9:Fournet, J. (1978) Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe & Martinique
10:Harden, G.J. (Ed.) (1991) Flora of New South Wales, Vol 2. Kensington: New South Wales
11:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
12:Bailey, L.H. (1961) Manual of cultivated plants. New York.
13:Ellison, D.P. (1995) Cultivated plants of the World-trees, shrubs, climbers. Brisban
14:Liogier, A.H. (1985) La Flore de la Espanola. III
15:Isely, D. (1998) Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
16:Parham, J.W. (1972) Plants of the Fiji Islands
17:Hotta, M et al (1989) Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu (Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
18:Welsh, S.L. (1998) Flora Societensis
19:Burkart, A. (1952) Acme Agency, Buenos Aires 569 pp Las Leguminosas Argentinas
20:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
21:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
22:Thulin, M. (1983) Opera Botanica 68: 1-223. Leguminosae of Ethiopia
23:Troupin, G. (1984) Flore du Rwanda
24:Dale, I.R. (1953) A descriptive list of the introduced trees of Uganda
25:Chen, Te-chao & Wu, Te-lin (1986) Typed Script (MO) 130pp Enumeration Chinese Papilionoideae
26:Huang, T.C. & Ohashi, H. (1977) In: Li, H.L. et al. (Eds.) Flora of Taiwan, Vol. 3: 148-421.
27:Ohashi, H. (1989) In: Satake. Wild Flws of Japan, Woody Pls. 1: 229-256. Legumin.
28:Nair, N.C. & Henry, A.N. (1983) Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Vol. 1
29:Shrestha, K.K. (1998) Revised checklist of the Legumes of Nepal (manuscript)
30:Sharma, M. (1990) Punjab Plants Check-list
31:Backer, C.A. (1963) Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands
32:Liogier, A.H. (1988) Desc. Flora Puerto Rico & Adjacent Is-Spermatophyta Vol. II
33:Howard, R.A. et al. (1988) Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
34:Krukoff, B.A. (1982) Phytologia 51 (7): 440-457 Notes on Species of Erythrina. XIX
35:Berendsohn, W.G. & AranivaGonza (1979) Cuscatlania 1 (2): 1-16
36:Stevens, W.D., et al. (2001) Flora de Nicaragua, 85 (2)... Missouri Bot. Gard. Press
37:Dwyer, J.D. & Spellman, D.L. (1981) Rhodora 83 (834): 161-236 A List of Dicotyledoneae of Belize
38:Standley, P.C. (1937) Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 18 (2): 487-559... Costa Rica
39:Krukoff, B.A. & Barneby, R.C. (1973) Phytologia 27 (2): 108-141 Notes on Species of Erythrina. VII.
40:D'Arcy, W.G. (1987) Monogr. Syst. Botany Missouri Botanical Garden. Flora Panama.
41:Dwyer, J.D. et al. (1980) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 67 (3): 523-818... Papilionoideae
42:Krukoff, B.A. (1979) Phytologia 41 (4): 256-300 Notes on the Species Erythrina. XII
43:Horn, P.E. (1988) Herbarium References
44:Cozzo, D. (1946) Darwiniana 7 (2): 175-184 Anat. Comp. Las Maderas - Erythrina L
45:Krukoff, B.A. (1971) Phytologia 22 (4): 244-277... notes American Spp. ErythrinaV.
46:Krukoff, B.A. (1977) Phytologia 36 (1): 1-11 Notes on the Species of Erythrina. IX.
47:Krukoff, B.A. (1979) Phytologia 44 (1): 19-32 Notes on the Species of ErythrinaXIV
48:Martinez, S. (1975) Darwiniana 19 (2-4): 458-489.... Legum. Lenosas-Argentina
49:Parodi, L.R. (1943) Darwiniana 6 (2): 127-178 La Vegetacion-Corrientes (Argentina)
50:Ragonese, A.E. (1941) Darwiniana 5: 369-416 Vegetacion de la Provincia de Santa Fe
51:Krukoff, B.A. (1976) Phytologia 33 (5): 342-356 Notes on Species of Erythrina. VIII.
52:Krukoff, B.A. (1978) Phytologia 39 (5): 294-306 Notes on Species of Erythrina. XI.
53:Lewis, G.P. (1987) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 369 pp Legumes of Bahia
54:Mattos, N.F. (1977) Loefgrenia 71: 3-4, fig. 1. Tax. Leguminosae-Rio Grande do Sul
55:Macbride, J.F. (1943) Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13 (3/1): 1-506 Leguminosae
56:Bailey, L.H. & Bailey, E.Z. (1976) Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan
57:Hennessy, E.F. (1972) South African Erythrinas. Durban, Wildl. Prot. & Cons. Serv. S.A.


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Erythrina crista-galli . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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