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Acacia catechu


Accepted name

Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Synonyms

Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. var. catechuoides (Roxb.)Prain9
Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth.9
Acacia sundra (Roxb.) Bedd.3
Acacia wallichiana DC.1
Mimosa catechu L. f.1, 3, 5, 8
Mimosa catechuoides Roxb.1

Taxonomy

Tribe: Acacieae;  Genus: Acacia

Vernacular names

Black Cutch10; Catechu10; Katha (Urdu)4; Khair (Urdu)4

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened

Uses

Chemical products11; Chemical products4; Chemical products12; Chemical products13; Chemical products14; Domestic5; Domestic14; Medicine4; Medicine13; Wood11; Wood4; Wood14

Notes

An introduction; recorded only once, from Chiang Mai, Thailand.15; Introduced and cultivated in Java.5


Geographical records

Asia1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36:   Bangladesh(N)14, Bhutan(N)1, 11, China(N)1, 8, 17, India(N)3, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, India-ISO(N)1, Indonesia-ISO(I)5, Java(I)5, Myanmar(N)1, 3, Nepal(N)1, 7, 26, Pakistan(N)1, 4, Ryukyu Is(I)6, Sri Lanka(N)3, Taiwan(I)8, 17, 18, Thailand(N)1, 15

China:   Guangdong8, Guangxi8, Yunnan8, Zhejiang8

India:   Andhra Pradesh31, Arunachal Pradesh22, Assam34, Bihar27, Delhi28, Haryana29, Himachal Pradesh24, Jammu-Kashmir33, Karnataka19, Kerala25, Madhaya Pradesh35, Maharashtra23, Orissa16, Pondicherry25, Punjab30, Rajasthan21, Sikkim25, Tamil Nadu20, Uttar Pradesh32, West Bengal36, Yanan25

Indian Ocean37:   Mauritius(I)37

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Literature citations

Description4, 5, 6, 8, 11;  Illustration8, 38, 39

Sources

2005 (Indian Ocean) Lock JM & Ireland H (JS2005);     Coordinator: 1994 Rico ML

References

1:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
2:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
3:Nielsen, I. (1985) Flora of Thailand, Vol 4 Part 2. Mimosaceae. In: T. Smithinans
4:Ali, S.I. (1973) Flora of Pakistan, No. 36. Mimosaceae. Karachi: Univ. of Karachi
5:Nielsen, I.C. (1992) Flora Malesiana, Series I Vol II Part I Mimosaceae.
6:Walker, E.H. (1976) Flora of Okinawa and S. Ryukyu islands. Washing. Smithson. Inst
7:Ohashi, H. (1979) Leguminosae In: Hara & Williams: EnumerationFlwingPl. Nepal2: 103-
8:Wu, T.L. (1988) Mimososoideae. In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
9:Chakrabarty T, Gangopadhyay M (1996) The genus Acacia. J. Econ. Taxon Bot. 20: 599-633
10:Wiersema, J.H. et al. (1990) Legume Nomenclature USDA Germplasm Sys. USDA Tech. Bull. 1757
11:Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987) Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 1. (Part 3). Edinburgh: RBG
12:Hotta, M et al (1989) Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu (Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
13:Mitsuhashi, H (1988) Illustrated Medicinal Plants of the World. Hokuryukan. Tokyo.
14:Khatun, R.B. (1987) Tree Legumes of Bangladesh
15:Heald, J. (1992) Specimen in Herb. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
16:Gamble, J.S. (1918) Flora of the Presidency of Madras, Vol. 1. (Parts 2-3) 1918-19
17:Chen, T.C. (1988) Flora Reipubl. Popular Sin. Vol. 39. Science Press. Beijing
18:Huang, T.C. & Ohashi, H. (1993) Leguminosae. In Flora of Taiwan, 2nd Ed. 3: 148-421. Taipei, Tai
19:Singh, N.P. (1988) Flora of Eastern Karnataka Vol. 1
20:Nair, N.C. & Henry, A.N. (1983) Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Vol. 1
21:Shetty, B.V. & Singh, V. (1987) Flora of Rajasthan Vol. 1. Flora of India Series 2
22:Hajra, P.K. et al. (1996) Materials for the Flora of Arunachal Pradesh Vol. 1
23:Kothari, M.J. & Moorthy, S. (1993) Flora of Raigad District, Maharashtra State
24:Chowdhery, H.J. & Wadhwa, B.M. (1984) Flora of Himachal Pradesh Vol. 1
25:Sanjappa, M. (2000) Checklist of the Leguminosae in South Asia. Typescript
26:Shrestha, K.K. (1998) Revised checklist of the Legumes of Nepal (manuscript)
27:Varma, S.K. (1981) Flora of Bhagalpur. Dicotyledons
28:Maheshwari, J.K. (1963) The Flora of Delhi
29:Kumar, S. (2000) .. Leguminosae of Haryana. Indian J. Forest. Addit Ser. 11
30:Sharma, M. (1990) Punjab Plants Check-list
31:Pullaiah, T. & Yesoda, N. (1989) Flora of Anantapur District (Andhra Pradesh, India)
32:Sharma, A.K. & Dhakre, J.S. (1995) Flora of Agra District. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
33:Sharma, B.M. & Kachroo, P. (1979) Flora of Jammu & Plants of Neibourhood, Vol. 1.
34:Hajra, P.K. & Jain, S.K. (1996) Botany of Kaziranga & Manas. Dehra Dun.
35:Roy, G.P. et al. (1992) Flora of Madhya Pradesh (Chhatarpur & Damoh). New Delhi.
36:Sikdar, J.K. & Ghosh, R.B. (1981) J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 4: 224-229. A taxonomic...
37:Bojer, W. (1837) Hortus Mauritianus ou Enumeration des Plants... l'ile Maurice
38:Huang, T.C. & Ohashi, H. (1977) In: Li, H.L. et al. (Eds.) Flora of Taiwan, Vol. 3: 148-421.
39:Pullaiah, T. & Ramamurthy, K.S. (2001) Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Acacia catechu . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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