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Albizia saman


Accepted name

Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.1, 2, 3, 4

Synonyms

Acacia propinqua A. Rich.1
Albizzia saman (Jacq.) Merr.3, 5, 6
Calliandra saman (Jacq.) Griseb.1
Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain1, 2, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Feuilleea saman (Jacq.) Kuntze1
Inga cinerea Willd.1
Inga salutaris Kunth1
Inga saman (Jacq.) Willd.2, 6
Mimosa pubifera Poir.1
Mimosa saman Jacq.1, 2, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
Pithecellobium cinereum Benth.1
Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.2, 4, 7, 11, 16
Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth. var. saman (Jacq.)Benth.
Pithecolobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.5, 6
Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 16, 17
Zygia saman (Jacq.) A. Lyons6

Taxonomy

Tribe: Ingeae;  Genus: Albizia

Vernacular names

Acacia Preta18; Algarrobo (Cuba)6; Arbor de Lluvia (Sp)6; Arbre a la Pluie19; Arbre a la Pluie19; Arbre a Pluie (Fr.20, 21; Bonara (Madagascar)21; Bonarambaza (Madagascar)21; Campano (Venezuela & Colombia)6; Carabeli (Venezuela)6; Carreto (C. Amer.)6; Cenicero (C. Amer.)6; Cen & #237; zaro22; Chorona (Port)6; Coco Tamarind (Grenada)6; Couji (Venezuela)6; Cow Tamarind (Grenada)6; Dormilon (C. Amer.)6; East Indian Walnut23; French Tamarind (Guyana)6; Gen & #237; zaro22; Gen & #237; zaro3; Giant Thibet; Goango19; Guango (Jamatea)6; Guannegoul24; Guannegoule (Haiti)6; Inga Saman18; Kily Vazaha (Madagascar)21; Lara (Venezuela)6; Madiromany (Madagascar)21; Mampihe (Madagascar)21; Mampohehy (Madagascar)21; Mara (Sinh)25; Marsave; Monkey Pod26; Monkey Pod27; Rain Tree7; Rain Tree8; Rain Tree28; Rain Tree29; Rain Tree16; Rain Tree23; Rain Tree26; Rain Tree27; Rain Tree6; Rain Tree30; Saman (Venezuela & Colombia)29; Saman (Venezuela & Colombia)6; Sirsa26; Urero (Venezuela)6; Vaivai Ni Vavalagi26; Vilayati Siris (Hi)31; Zaman (Venezuela & Colombia)6; Zarza (C. Amer.)6

Descriptors

Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened

Uses

Environmental7; Forage32; Wood33; Chemical products34; Environmental16; Environmental23; Environmental35; Environmental27; Environmental6; Environmental21; Food and Drink27; Food and Drink6; Forage23; Forage34; Medicine36; Wood23; Wood26; Wood27; Wood34; Domestic30; Environmental30; Food and Drink30; Forage30; Wood30

Notes

Planted for shade and ornamen on streets, roadsides throughout Latin America &37; Planted for shade and ornamen on streets, roadsides throughout Latin America &6; West Indies.6; Locally used as coffe-shade.6; 18 species occur in Northern South America. 1 sp. introduced into Thailand.23; Cultivated and naturalized throughout Indo-China.23; Widely planted throughout Malesia.2; Native of Tropical America.38; Native to Tropical America.19; Albizzia saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Ortho. variant395; Albizzia saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Ortho. variant396; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional395; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional3910; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional3917; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional3916; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional392; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional396; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional3911; Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Provisional394; Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Synonym401; Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Synonym402; Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Synonym404; Albizzia saman (Jacq.) Merr.: Accepted403


Geographical records

Africa:   Benin(I)41, Ghana(I)41, Kenya(I)7, Nigeria(I)37, Sao Tome & Principe(I)18, Sierra Leone(I)41, Sudan(I)41, Tanzania(I)7, The Gambia(I)41, Togo(I)41, Uganda(I)7, Zaire(I)42, Zambia(I)41

Asia2, 5, 10, 11, 16, 17, 23, 30, 38, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61:   Bangladesh(I)56, Bhutan(I)16, Cambodia(I)5, China(I)11, Hainan(I)11, India(I)10, 16, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, India-ISO(I)10, Indonesia-ISO(I)2, 30, 43, 44, 45, 60, Irian Jaya(I)30, Java(N)60, Kalimantan(N)43, Laos(I)5, Malaysia-ISO(I)2, 46, Peninsular Malaysia(N)46, Philippines(I)2, 61, Singapore(I)38, Sri Lanka(I)17, Sulawesi(N)44, Sumatra(N)45, Taiwan(I)11, Thailand(I)23, Vietnam(I)5

Australasia30, 62:   Australia(I)62, Papua New Guinea(I)30

Australia:   Queensland62

Caribbean1, 6, 8, 15, 24, 63, 64:   Antigua-Barbuda(U), Barbados(U), Cuba(U)6, Dominica(U), Dominican Republic(I)6, 24, Grenada(U), Guadeloupe(U), Haiti(I)6, 24, Jamaica(N)6, 8, Martinique(U), Montserrat(U), Puerto Rico(U), St Lucia(U), St Vincent(U)

Central America1, 3, 6, 15, 30, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70:   Belize(N)15, Costa Rica(N)6, 64, 68, 70, El Salvador(N)15, Guatemala(U)6, 15, 64, Honduras(U), Mexico (South East)(U)1, 6, 15, 65, 66, 69, 70, Nicaragua(I)3, 6, 64, Panama(U)1, 6, 15, 64, 67

China:   Yunnan11

India:   Andhra Pradesh57, Bihar54, Gujarat47, Karnataka48, Kerala59, Madhaya Pradesh55, Maharashtra53, Meghalaya51, Sikkim16, Tamil Nadu49, Tripura52, Uttar Pradesh50, West Bengal58

Indian Ocean19, 21, 29, 71, 72, 73:   Madagascar(I)21, 71, Maldives(I)72, 73, Mauritius(I)19, Reunion(I)19, Seychelles(I)29

North America74:   United States(I)74

Pacific Ocean26, 27, 35, 75, 76, 77:   Fiji(I)26, Hawaii(I)76, Marshall Is(I)77, Niue(I)35, Northern Marianas(I)77, Society Is(I)27

South America6, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19, 30, 70, 78, 79, 80:   Brazil(N)13, 70, 78, 79, 80, Colombia(N)6, 12, 78, 79, Ecuador(U)6, French Guiana(N)6, 14, Guyana(N)6, Peru(N)9, 78, Surinam(N)6, Venezuela(N)6, 78, 79

United States:   Florida74

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)

Cultivated7; Cultivated81

Literature citations

Description2, 3, 5, 6, 11, 16, 17, 21, 23, 24, 26, 29, 30, 37, 60, 82, 83;  Distribution6;  Illustration5, 23, 24, 30, 37, 83

Sources

2005-04 SeneviratneGI (Sinhala & Tamil vern. names);     Coordinator: 2001-05 Barneby RC & Grimes JW (Monograph 1996/97)

References

1:Schery, R.W. (1950) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 37 (2): 184-314 Leguminosae-Mimosoideae
2:Nielsen, I.C. (1992) Flora Malesiana, Series I Vol II Part I Mimosaceae.
3:Stevens, W.D., et al. (2001) Flora de Nicaragua, 85 (2)... Missouri Bot. Gard. Press
4:Roskov Yu. R. (2005) Editorial Scrutiny: Malesian data import (unpubl.)
5:Nielsen, I. (1981) Leg-Mim. In: Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et Viet-nam, Vol 19. A.
6:Barneby, R.C. & Grimes, J.W. (1996) Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 74 (1) Silk Tree, Guanacaste, Monkey's Earring
7:Brenan, J.P.M. (1959) Mimosoideae. In: Fl. Trop. East Africa. Hubbard & Milne-Redhead
8:Adams, C.D. (1972) Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
9:Macbride, J.F. (1943) Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13 (3/1): 1-506 Leguminosae
10:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
11:Wu, T.L. (1988) Mimososoideae. In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 39 (Leguminosae 1)
12:Garcia-Barriga, H. & Forero, E. (1968) Catalogo Ilustrado de Las Plantas de Cundinamarca 3: 1-136
13:Isely, D. (1973) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25 (1): 1-152 Legum. of the U.S.: I.
14:Lemee, A. (1952) Flore de la Guyane francaise 2: 36-162 Legumineuses
15:Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J. A (1946) Fieldiana, Bot. 24 (5): 1-425 Leguminosae
16:Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987) Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 1. (Part 3). Edinburgh: RBG
17:Kostermans, A.J.G.H. (1980) Mimosaceae. In Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 1. M.D. Dassanayalu....
18:Liberato, Maria Candida (1973) Flora de Sao Tome e Principe: Mimosaceae
19:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
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21:Du Puy, D.J. et al. (2002) The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
22:Zamora, N.V. (1991) Brenesia 36: 63-149. Tratamiento... Mimosaceae de Costa Rica
23:Nielsen, I. (1985) Flora of Thailand, Vol 4 Part 2. Mimosaceae. In: T. Smithinans
24:Liogier, A.H. (1985) La Flore de la Espanola. III
25:Senaratna, L.K. (2001) A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
26:Parham, J.W. (1972) Plants of the Fiji Islands
27:Welsh, S.L. (1998) Flora Societensis
28:Terrell, E.E. (1977) Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
29:Robertson, S.A. (1989) Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
30:Verdcourt, B. (1979) A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
31:Tiwari, S.D.N. (1979) The phyto-geography of Legumes of Madhya Pradesh. Dehra Dun.
32:Dale, I.R. (1953) A descriptive list of the introduced trees of Uganda
33:Lock, J.M. (1985) Pers. obs.
34:Ambasta, S.P. (1986) The useful plants of India
35:Sykes, W. (1979) Flora of Niue
36:Garcia-Barriga, H. (1974) Flora Medicinal de Coloumbia.
37:Keay, R.W.J. et al. (1964) Nigerian Trees Vol. 2
38:Keng, H. (1990) Concise Flora of Singapore. Singapore
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41:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
42:Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1952) Flore du Congo Belge, Vol. 3. Mimosoideae, Caesalpinoideae.
43:Whitmore, Tantra & Sutisna (eds) (1990) Tree Flora of Indonesia-Checklist for Kalimantan part 2 no 1
44:Whitmore, Tantra & Sutisna (eds) (1989) Tree Flora ofIndonesia-Checklist for Sulawesi. Indonesia.
45:Whitmore, T.C. & Tantra, I.G.M. (1986) Tree Flora of Indonesia-Checklist for Sumatra.
46:Corner, E.J. H (1952) Wayside trees of Malaya (2nd ed.) Singapore.
47:Shah, G.L. (1978) Flora of Gujarat State Vol. 1
48:Singh, N.P. (1988) Flora of Eastern Karnataka Vol. 1
49:Nair, N.C. & Henry, A.N. (1983) Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Vol. 1
50:Kanjilal, P.C. (1966) A forest... Uttar Pradesh (Ranunculaceae - Alangiaceae)
51:Haridasan, K. & Rao, R.R. (1985) Forest Flora of Meghalaya Vol. 1
52:Deb, D.B. (1981) The Flora of Tripura State Vol 1
53:Almeida, S.M. (1990) The flora of Savantwadi, Maharashtra, India Vol 1
54:Varma, S.K. (1981) Flora of Bhagalpur. Dicotyledons
55:Singh, A.N. (1993) In: Verma, D.M. & al. (Eds.) Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol. 1.
56:Khatun, R.B. (1987) Tree Legumes of Bangladesh
57:Pullaiah, T. & Yesoda, N. (1989) Flora of Anantapur District (Andhra Pradesh, India)
58:Bennet, S.S.R. (1979) Flora of Howrah District, Int. Book Distributors, New Delhi
59:Sasidharan, N. & Sivarajan, V.V. (1996) Flowering plants of Thrissur Forest... Kerala, India. Jodhpur.
60:Backer, C.A. (1963) Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands
61:Merrill, E.D. (1923) An Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants 2 (3): 241-323
62:Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990) Census Australian Vasc. Plants, Bureau Fl. & Fauna, Canberra
63:List Based Record (1986) U.S. Soil Conservation Service
64:Seymour, F.C. (1981) Phytologia 48 (1): 1-71 Bipinnate Leguminosae of Nicaragua
65:Breedlove, D.E. (1986) Listados Floristicos de Mexico 4: 90-112 Flora de Chiapas
66:Cowan, C.P. (1983) Listados Floristicos de Mexico 1: 47-61 Flora de Tabasco
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68:Janzen, D.H. & Liesner, R. (1980) Brenesia 18: 15-90 Check-list Lowl. GuanacasteProv. Costa Rica
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71:Du Puy, D.J. (1993) Legumes of Madagascar. Typescripte.
72:Fosberg, F.R. (1957) Atoll Res. Bull. 58: 1-37 The Maldive Islands, Indian Ocean
73:Fonseka, R. Balasubramaniam, S. (1984) An illustrated account of some Maldivian plants
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77:Fosberg, F.R. et al. (1979) A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae
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83:Pullaiah, T. & Ramamurthy, K.S. (2001) Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2


The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Albizia saman . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.

Nomenclature

TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)

APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra

Rhizobia

database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan



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