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Pterocarpus indicus

Accepted name

Pterocarpus indicus Willd.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11


Lingoum echinatum (Pers.) Kuntze12
Lingoum indicum (Willd.) Kuntze6, 12
Lingoum rubrum Rumph.12
Lingoum saxatile Rumph.6
Pterocarpus blancoi Merr.12
Pterocarpus carolinensis Kaneh.12, 13
Pterocarpus draco sensu auct.4, 14
Pterocarpus echinata Pers.12
Pterocarpus indica Willd.15
Pterocarpus klemmei Merr.12
Pterocarpus obtusatus Miq.12
Pterocarpus pallidus Blanco12
Pterocarpus papuanus F. Muell.2
Pterocarpus pubescens Merr.12
Pterocarpus vidalianus Rolfe12
Pterocarpus wallichii Wight & Arn.6, 11
Pterocarpus zollingeri Miq.6, 11


Tribe: Dalbergieae;  Genus: Pterocarpus

Vernacular names

Bloodwood5; Cibicibi8; Padouk8; Sandrago16; Sang Drago4; Sang Dragon4


Perennial non-climbing tree;  not threatened


Environmental4; Environmental7; Environmental17; Environmental15; Medicine17; Wood6; Wood17; Wood18; Wood11; Environmental1; Environmental2; Medicine2; Wood2


Native to Tropical Asia.4

Geographical records

Africa:   Kenya(I)1, Mozambique(I)19, Sao Tome & Principe(I)20, Sierra Leone(I)21, Tanzania(I)1, Zaire(I)12

Asia2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 22, 23, 24, 25:   Brunei(N)12, Cambodia(N)11, China(N)6, 10, East Timor(N)12, India(I)6, 12, 25, India-ISO(U)3, Indonesia-ISO(N)2, 6, 11, 12, 22, Irian Jaya(N)2, Java(N)22, Kalimantan(N)12, Lesser Sunda Is(N)12, Malaysia-ISO(N)6, 11, 12, 24, Moluccas(N)12, Myanmar(N)6, 12, Peninsular Malaysia(N)24, Philippines(N)6, 23, Ryukyu Is(N)9, Sabah(N)12, Sarawak(N)12, Singapore(N)24, Sri Lanka(I)7, 12, Sulawesi(N)12, Sumatra(N)6, Taiwan(I)10, 12, Thailand(N)11, 12, Vietnam(N)11

Australasia2:   Papua New Guinea(N)2

China:   Guangdong10, Yunnan10

India:   Maharashtra6, Tamil Nadu25, West Bengal6

Indian Ocean4, 5, 26, 27:   Andaman Is(I)26, Maldives(N)27, Mauritius(I)4, Reunion(I)4, Seychelles(I)5

Pacific Ocean2, 8, 13, 15:   Bismarck Archipelago(N)2, Fiji(U)8, Hawaii(I)15, Northern Marianas(N)13, Society Is(U)15, Solomon Is(N)2

(N = native, I = introduced, U = uncertain status)

Habitats (for Africa only)


Literature citations

Description1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 22, 24;  Illustration2, 4, 9, 12, 24, 28


2005 (Indian Ocean) Lock JM & Ireland H (JS2005);     Coordinator: 2004-2005 Novoselova MS


1:Gillett, J.B. et al. (1971) Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop.E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
2:Verdcourt, B. (1979) A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
3:Sanjappa, M. (1992) Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra...
4:Polhill, R, M. (1990) Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
5:Robertson, S.A. (1989) Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
6:Thothathri, K (1987) Taxonomic Revision of the Tribe Dalbergieae in the Indian...
7:Rudd, V.E. (1991) A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
8:Parham, J.W. (1972) Plants of the Fiji Islands
9:Walker, E.H. (1976) Flora of Okinawa and S. Ryukyu islands. Washing. Smithson. Inst
10:Chen, T.C. (1994) Dalbergia & ... In: Fl. Reip. Pop. Sinicae, 40 (Leguminosae 2)
11:Gagnepain, F. (1913) In: Lecomte, H. (ed.), Flore Generale de L'Indochine 2, 2.
12:Rojo, J.P. (1972) Phanerog. Monogr. 5: 1-119 Pterocarpus (Leguminosae-Papilion..
13:Fosberg, F.R. et al. (1979) A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae
14:Bojer, W. (1837) Hortus Mauritianus ou Enumeration des Plants... l'ile Maurice
15:Welsh, S.L. (1998) Flora Societensis
16:Robertson, S.A. & Todd, D.M. (1983) Atoll Res. Bull. 273 (3): 39-64 Vegetation of Frigate Island
17:Hotta, M et al (1989) Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu (Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
18:Uphof, J.C. Th. (1968) Dictionary of economic Plants. 2nd ed. Verlag von Cramer, Lehre
19:Lock, J.M. (1985) Specimen in Herb. Kew
20:Liberato, Maria Candida (1972) Flora de Sao Tome e Principe: Papilionaceae
21:Hepper, F.N. (1958) Papilionoideae. In: Flora West Tropical Africa. Keay, R.W.J.
22:Ridley, H.N. (1922) Flora of the Malay Peninsula Vol I
23:Meijer, W. (1974) Field Guide to Trees of West Malesia Univerisity of Kentucky
24:Corner, E.J. H (1952) Wayside trees of Malaya (2nd ed.) Singapore.
25:Nair, N.C. & Henry, A.N. (1983) Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Vol. 1
26:Parkinson, C.E. (1923) A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands
27:Kumar, S. (1997) J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 21: 381-391. Preliminary observations...
28:Williams, R.O. (1949) Useful and Ornamental Plants of Zanzibar & Pemba

The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Pterocarpus indicus . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page.


TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W3TROPICOS)


database of root-nodule bacteria at RIKEN, Japan

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